Chinese-English Terms in Diagnostic Imaging

中英影像诊断学术语表

Below is a list of medical imaging related terms commonly used in Chinese-English translation. To read more about imaging report translation, please open blog article “How to Translate Diagnostic Imaging Reports from Chinese to English (影像诊断报告中英翻译技巧) ”

B型超声

B-mode ultrasound

1H31P MR波谱成像

1H31P MR spectroscopy

踝关节三维  

3D Ankle Joint

结肠三维  

3D Colon CT Scan

颈椎三维  

3D C-Spine

肘关节三维  

3D Elbow Joint

五官三维成像  

3D Facial Scan

三维梯度回波成像技术

3-D gradient echo imaging

髋关节三维  

3D Hip Joint

三维图像重建

3D image reconstruction

膝关节三维  

3D Knee Joint

腰椎三维  

3D L-Spine

肩关节三维  

3D Shoulder Joint

胃三维  

3D Stomach CT Scan

胸椎三维  

3D T-Spine

腕关节三维  

3D Wrist Joint

腹主动脉造影  

Abd-Artery MR Angiography

腹部

abdomen

腹和盆腔联合扫描  

Abdomen & Pelvis Scan

腹部(成人) 

Abdomen ( Adult)

腹部(儿童)  

Abdomen (Pediatircs)

腹部平片  

Abdomen AP

腹部血管造影 

Abdomen CT Angiography

腹部穿刺  

Abdomen Puncture Scan

腹围

abdominal circumference

石棉肺

abestosis

肾脓肿

abscess of kidney

听神经瘤

acoustic

声影

acoustic shadowing

艾滋病

acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, AIDS

肩锁关节

acromioclavicular joint

放线菌病

actinomycosis

急性粟粒型肺结核

acute military tuberculosis

急性胰腺炎

acute pancreatitis

附件

adnexa

肾上腺

adrenal gland

肾上腺平扫 

Adrenal Routine Scan

患侧

affected side

肺不发育和肺发育不全

agenesis and hypoplasia of the lung

支气管影像

air bronchogram

过敏性肺炎

allergic pneumonia

铝尘肺

aluminum pneumoconiosis

羊膜

amnion

羊膜腔

amniotic cavity

羊水

amniotic fluid

放大器

amplifier

肺淀粉样变性

amyloidosis of lung

模拟

analog

模拟转换器

analog converter

模拟转化器

analog converter

无回声

anecho

血管造影征

angiogram sign

血管显像

angiography

血管造影

angiography

脊髓血管造影

angiography of spinal cord

血管瘤

angioma

血管平滑肌脂肪瘤

angiomyolipoma

踝关节

ankle joint

踝关节平扫  

Ankle Joint Routine Scan

关节强直

ankylosis of joint

注释

annotation

纤维环

annulus

大脑前动脉

anterior cerebral artery,ACA

前交通动脉

anterior communicating artery,AcoA

肾旁前间隙

anterior pararenal space

腹部前后径

anteroposterior trunk diameter

炭黑尘肺

anthracosis

主动脉弓胸腹主动脉造影  

Aorta Angiography

主动脉介入治疗  

Aorta interventional therapy

主动脉弓层面

aortic arch level

主肺动脉窗层面

aortopulmonary window level

岩部前后位

AP axial,Towne

前后位

AP,anteroposterior

前后位

AP,anteroposterior;

前凸位(前后位及后前位)

apical lordotic

前凸位(前后位及后前位)

apical lordotic;

蛛网膜囊肿

arachnoidcyst

足弓

arches of foot

动脉期

arterial phase

动静脉畸形

arterior-venous malformation,AVM

伪影

artifact

曲菌病

aspergillosis

星形细胞瘤

astrocytoma

不对称

asymmetric

肺不张

atelectasis

粥样斑块切除术

atherectomy

房间隔缺损封堵术  

Atrial septal defect closer

衰减

attenuation

衰减系数

attenuation coefficient

自动增益控制

automatic gain control

轴位

axial

轴扫腹部穿刺 

Axial Abdomen Puncture Scan

轴扫胸部穿刺  

Axial Chest Punture Scan

轴位扫描

axial scan

轴位

axial;

基底动脉

B basilar artery,BA

钡灌肠造影  

Barium Contrast of Colon

射线硬化伪影

Beam hardening artifact

胆管

bile duct(BD)

胆道

bile duct(BD)

胆影葡胺

biligrafin

活检枪

biopsy gun

活检针

biopsy needle

双顶径

biparietal diameter

双期增强扫描

biphasic contrast enhancement

舟状

boat-shaped,navicular,scaphoid

胰体

body of pancreas

骨龄

bone age

骨小管

bone canaliculi

骨皮质

bone cortex

骨骼变形

bone deformity

骨质破坏

bone destruction

骨陷窝

bone lacuna

骨板

bone lamella

骨髓

bone marrow

骨密度

bone mineral density,BMD

骨窗

bone window

骨关节面

bony articular surface

边缘

border,margin(marginated),rim,edge(edged)

头臂动脉介入治疗  

Brachiocephalic artery interventional therapy

脑脓肿

brain abscess

脑出血

brain hemorrhage

脑外伤

brain trauma

乳腺

breast

支气管扩张

bronchiectasis

支气管扩张

bronchiectsis

支气管肺癌

bronchogenic carcinoma

支气管囊肿

bronchogenic cyst

支气管肺炎

bronchopneumonia

支气管肺隔离症

broncho-pulmonary sequestration

支气管动脉介入治疗  

Bronchus artery interventional therapy

阻尼器

buffer

滑膜囊

bursa

蝶翼征

butterfly sign

足跟侧位 

Calcaneus LAT

钙化

calcification

胸膜钙化

calcification of the pleura

肾结石

calculus of kidney

定标、校正

calibration

锁骨正位  

Calvicle PA

微血管期

capillary phase

小头位

capitellum

小头位

capitellum,

膀胱癌

carcinoma of bladder

肾癌

carcinoma of kidney

卵巢癌

carcinoma of ovary

前列腺癌

carcinoma of prostate

宫颈癌

carcinoma of the cervix

心脏冠脉钙化积分  

Cardiac Calcium Scoring Scan

心导管检查(微导管同)(进口仪器)  

Cardiac catheterization

心脏临时起搏  

Cardiac temporary pacing

埋置永久心脏起搏器  

Cardioc permanent pacemaker implanting

腕骨

carpal bones

腕管位

carpal tunne

腕管位

carpal tunnel

导管超声探头

catheter-based US probe

尾状叶

caudate lobe(CL)

空洞

cavity

空洞

cavity

水泥尘肺

cement pneumoconiosis

中心性

central

中央型肺癌

central bronchogenic carcinoma

头(径)指数

cephalic index

胎头指数

cephalic index

小脑径

cerebellum diameter

脑萎缩

cerebral atrophy

脑搓伤

cerebral contusion

脑囊虫病

cerebral cycticercosis

脑梗塞

cerebral infarction

脑缺血

cerebral ischemia

脑血管造影  

Cerebrovascular Angiograhy

颈椎

cervical spine

颈椎

cervical spine

子宫颈

cervix

彩色多普勒处理功能板

CFM processing board

字符

character

小儿胸片 

Chest

胸部

chest

胸部血管造影  

Chest CT Angiography

胸部动态增强  

Chest Dynamic Enhanced Scan

胸部增强  

Chest Enhanced Scan

胸部斜位  

Chest OBL

胸部正位  

Chest PA

胸部正侧位  

Chest PA & LAT

胸部正侧位(成人)  

Chest PA & LAT (Adult)

胸部正侧位(儿童)  

Chest PA & LAT (Pediatrics)

胸部穿刺  

Chest Puncture Scan

胸部普通增强  

Chest Routine Enhanced Scan

胸部平扫  

Chest Routine Scan

胸部平扫  

Chest Scan

胆管癌

cholangiocarcinoma

胆囊炎

cholecystitis

胆系造影 

Cholecystography

胆脂瘤

cholesteatoma

软骨钙化

chondral calcification

绒毛膜

chorion

慢性支气管炎

chronic bronchitis

慢性胰腺炎

chronic pancreatitis

慢性肺炎

chronic pneumonia

电影扫描

cine scan

脑底动脉环

circle of willis

环状增强

circular enhancement

圆形

circular,round,rounded

肝硬化

cirrhosis

消除

clear

煤工尘肺

coalworker pneumoconiosis

粗糙

coarse

尾椎侧位像  

Coccyx LAT

集合系统

collective system

准直器

collimator

彩色捕获

color capture

彩色消除

color cut

彩色多普勒能量图

color doppler energy

彩色多普勒血流显像

color doppler flow imaging

彩色多普勒强度

color doppler level

彩色多普勒超声

color Doppler ultrasound

彩色边界

color edge

彩色增强

color enhance

彩色血流造影

color flow angiography

彩色锁定

color lock

彩色余辉

color persistence

彩色极性

color polarity

彩色能量图

color power angio

彩阶显示

color scale display

彩色转向

color steering

彩色速度显像

color velocity imaging

彩色视频监视器

color video monitor

彩色壁滤波

color wall filter

胆总管

common bile duct (CBD)

肝总管

common hepatic duct

密质骨和松质骨

compact bone and spongy bone

计算机体层摄影

computed tomography (CT)

融合

confluence(confluent);

全场连续聚焦

confocusing

先天性支气管囊肿

congenital bronchial cysts

控制台

console

对侧

contralateral

逆行尿路造影 

Contrary Urethral Contrast

对比

contrast

造影剂

contrast agents (media)

对比增强

contrast enhancement

CT增强扫描

contrast enhancement ct scan

食道造影  

Contrast Esophagography

窦道造影  

Contrast Fistulography

造影剂团注

contrast media bolus

对比剂

contrast medium

对比分辨力

contrast resolution

肾挫伤

contusion of kidney

肺挫伤

contusion of lung

脊髓挫伤

contusion of spinal cord

常规CT

convertional CT

凸阵

convex array

心脏冠脉造影 

Coronal Artery Angiography

冠状面扫描

coronal scan

冠状位

coronal view

冠状动脉造影  

Coronary Arteriography

冠状动脉瘘封堵术  

Coronary artery fistula closer

冠状动脉介入治疗(球囊成形)  

Coronary Artery interventional therapy (balloon angioplasty)

冠状动脉介入治疗(腔内旋磨)  

Coronary Artery interventional therapy (rotablating)

冠状动脉介入治疗(腔内支架)  

Coronary Artery interventional therapy (stent implantaion)

颅咽管瘤

craniopharyngioma

侧位(仰卧水平投照)

cross-table lateral,groin lateral

侧位(仰卧水平投照)

cross-table lateral,groin lateral;

顶臀长度

crown-rump length

隐球菌病

cryptococcosis

颈椎六位像 

C-spine 6 position

颈椎正位  

C-spine AP

颈椎正侧位  

C-spine AP & LAT

颈椎正侧双斜位 

C-spine AP & LAT & Dual OBL

颈椎正侧双斜张口位  

C-spine AP & LAT & Dual OBL Open Mouth

颈椎双斜位  

C-Spine Dual Oblique

颈椎增强  

C-spine Enhanced Scan

颈椎张口位  

C-spine Open Mouth

颈椎正侧位  

C-Spine PA & LAT

颈椎平扫  

C-spine Routine Scan

颈椎平扫  

C-spine Scan

CT血管造影

CT angiography, CTA

CT血管造影术

CT angiography,CTA

CT动脉性门脉造影

CT arterial portography,CTAP

CT透视

CT fluoroscopy

CT导向细针抽吸活组织检查

CT guided fine needle aspiration biopsy

CT导向穿刺活检

CT guided needle biopsy

CT导向立体定位

CT guided stereotaxis CT

CT介入

CT intervention

CT脊髓造影

CT muelography,CTM

CT扫描仪(CT机)

ct scanner

CT值

CT value

颈胸段正侧位  

C-T-spine AP & LAT

弧线形

curvilinear

柱状支扩

cylindrical bronchiectasis

肾囊肿

Cyst of Kinney

胆囊管

cystic duct(CD)

膀胱镜超声技术

cystosonography

蜕膜

decidua

信号强度减弱

decreased signal intensity

关节退行性变

degeneration of joint

延迟期

delayed phase

延迟扫描

delayed scan

延迟扫描

delayed scan

解调器、检波器

demodulator

密度分辨力

density resolution

密度分辨率

density resolution

密度分辨率

density resolution

致密

density(dense);

深度增益补偿

depth gain compensation

皮样囊肿

dermoid cyst

下降

descent,fall

关节破坏

destruction of joint

可脱球囊

detachable ballon

细节分辨力

detail resolution

移位

deviation,shift,displacement

放射诊断学

diagnostic radiology

膈膨升

diaphragmatic eventeration

膈疝

diaphragmatic hermia

骨干

diaphysis

数字转化器

digital converter

数字成像

digital image

数字矩阵

digital martrix

数字X线摄影

digital radiography (DR)

数字减影血管造影

digital subtraction angiography, DSA

数字减影血管造影

digital subtration angiography (DSA)

数字/模拟转换器

digital/analog converter

扩张

dilatation

关节脱位

dislocation of joint

主动脉弓上层面

distal of the aortic arch level

远侧

distalside

膨胀

distention

多普勒流向分辨力

doppler flow-direction resolution

多普勒流速分布分辨力

doppler flow-velocity distributive resolution

多普勒最低流速分辨力

doppler minimum flow-velocity resolution

多普勒取样容积

doppler sample volume

点状

dot;punctual,punctate

倍增时间

doubling time

双光子吸收法

dual photon absorptiometry, DPA

双腕关节正位(成人) 

Dual Wrist Joint AP (Adult)

双腕关节正位(儿童) 

Dual Wrist Joint AP (Pediatrics)

双能X线吸收法

dual X-ray energy absorptiometry, DXA

输精管

ductus deferens, deferent duct

哑铃状

dumb-bell

硬膜囊

dural sac

动脉增强扫描

dynamic contrast-enhanced imaging

动态聚焦

dynamic focusing

动态频率扫描

dynamic frequency scanning

动态成像

dynamic imaging

动态范围

dynamic range

动态扫描

dynamic scan

动态扫描

dynamic scanning

偏心性

eccentric

回波时间

echo time

回波时间

echo time,TE

回声

echo(echoic)

声像图法

echography sonography

射精管

ejaculatory ducts

elbow

elbow

肘关节

elbow joint

肘关节平扫  

Elbow Joint Routine Scan

肘关节平扫  

Elbow Joint Scan

电子聚焦

electric focusing

电焊工尘肺

electric welder pneumoconiosis

希氏束电图  

Electrocardiogram of bundle of His

电子束CT

electron beam CT, EBCT

抬高

elevation

椭圆形

ellipse

栓塞剂

emboliaztion agents

胚胎

embryo

头部急诊增强  

Emergent Head Enhanced Scan

头部急诊平扫 

Emergent Head Scan

包裹性积液

encapsulated effusion

终板

end plate

予激综合症心内膜检测  

Endocardial investigation of preexcitation syndrome

腔内超声显像

endoluminal sonography

子宫内膜

endometriosis

内腔探头

endo-probe

内镜超声扫描

endoscopic ultrasonography

内镜超声技术

endosonography

血管内支架

endovascular stent

增强

enhancement

增强扫描

enhancement scan

增强扫描

enhancement scan

扩大

enlarge

室管膜瘤

ependymoma

附睾

epididymis

硬膜外脂肪

epidural fat

硬膜外血肿

epidural hematoma

骨骺线

epiphyseal line

骨骺板

epiphyseal plate

骨骺

epiphysis

消除

erase, eliminate

食管囊肿

esophageal cyst

呼气像

expiratory

呼气像

expiratory;

肝外胆管

extrahepatic duct

渗出

exudation

面动脉

facial artery

五官造影 

Facial Contrast

肝镰状韧带

falciform ligament

快速时间常数电路

fast time constant

女性盆腔动态增强  

FemalePelvisDynamicEnhanced

女性盆腔普通增强  

FemalePelvisRoutineEnhanced

女性盆腔平扫 

FemalePelvisScan

股骨长度

femur length

胎心

fetal heart

胎儿肾

fetal kidney

胎儿肢体

fetal limb

胎动

fetal movement, feta motion

胎儿脊柱

fetal spine

胎儿胃泡

fetal stomach bubble

胎儿胸部

fetal thorax

胎儿体重

fetal weight

胎儿

fetus

纤维性病变

fibrotic lesion

视野

field of view,FOV

充盈缺损

filling defect

细致

fine

流空现象

flow empty phenomena

流空现像

flow void phenomenon

流空效应

flowing void effect

流动相关增强

flow-related enhancement

液-液平面

fluid-fluid level

荧光透视

fluoroscopy

焦距

focal distance

聚焦

focus

卵泡

follicle

滤泡

follicle

足部平扫  

Foot Routine Scan

胸部异物

foreign body of chest

铸工尘肺

foundry worker pneumoconiosis

“四腔心”层面

four-chamber level

帧相关

frame correlation

帧率

frame rate

帧分辨力

frame resolution

游离性胸腔积液

free pleural effusion

冻结

freeze

侧位(蛙形位)

frog-leg,

侧位(蛙形位)

frog-leg,

全消化道造影 

Full Gastrointestinal Contrast

功能成像

functional MRI,Fmri

有效层厚

FWHM

Gadolinium,Gd

钆-二乙三胺五醋酸(磁显葡胺)

Gadolinium-DTPA (Gd-DTPA)

增益

gain

胆囊癌

gallbladder carcinoma

胆囊窝

gallbladder forssa

胆囊

gallbladder(GB)

胆石症

gallstone

明胶海绵

gelfoam

孕龄

gestational age

妊娠囊

gestational sac

孕周

gestational week

胶质瘤

golima

肺-肾综合征

Goodpasture syndrome

石墨尘肺

graphite pneumoconiosis

格氏眼病

Graves’ disease

灰阶

gray scale

灰阶显示

gray scale display

脑回样增强

gyriform enhancement

含钱血黄素沉着

haemosiderosis

哈弗系统

Hafersian system

晕轮征

halo sign

错构瘤

hamartoma

hand

手部平扫  

Hand Routine Scan

手部平扫 

Hand Scan

哈氏骨板

haversian lamella

不透光

haziness,opacification,opacity,opaque

模糊

hazy,indistinct,blurred,ill-defined,obscured

头围

head circumference

头部血管造影 

Head CT Angiography

头部动态增强  

Head Dynamic Enhanced Scan

头部增强 

Head Enhanced Scan

头部血管造影  

Head MR Angiography

颈部血管造影  

Head MR Angiography

胰头

head of pancreas

头部常规增强  

Head Routine Enhanced Scan

头部平扫   

Head Routine Scan

头部平扫  

Head Routine Scan

心脏三位片  

Heart

心脏大血管造影  

Heart MR Angiography

心脏瓣膜成形术  

Heart valvuloplasty

血行播散型肺结核(II型)

hematogenous pulmonary tuberculosis

肝囊肿

hepatic cyst

肝管

hepatic duct(HD)

肝细胞癌

hepatocellular

肝圆韧带

hepatoumbilical ligament, round ligament

混合信号

heterogeneous intensity

高千伏摄影

high kilovoltage radiography

高千伏摄影

high kilovoltage radiography;

高千伏摄影

high KV radiography

胸部薄层扫描  

High Resolution Chest Scan

高分辨率CT

high resolution CT,HRCT

高空间频率计算法重建

high spatial-freqyency algorithm

高分辨力CT

higt resolution CT, HRCT

肺门舞蹈

hilar dance

hip

髋关节

hip joint

髋关节平扫  

Hip Joint Routine Scan

髋关节平扫 

Hip Joint Scan

霍奇金病

Hodgkin disease, HD

霍奇金淋巴瘤

Hodgkin lymphoma

均匀密度

homogeneous density

均匀增强

homogeneous enhancement

蜂窝状肺

honeycomb lung

CT值单位

Houlsfield unit

肱骨长度

humerus length

液气胸

hydropneumothorax

羟基磷灰石结晶

hydroxyapatite crystal

泛影钠

hypaque

高回声

hyper echo,high level echo

高密度

hyperdense,high density

骨质增生硬化

hyperostosis/osteosclerosis

低密度

hypodense,low density

低回声

hypoecho,low level echo

甲状腺增强  

Hypothyroid Enhanced Scan

甲状腺平扫  

Hypothyroid Routine Scan

结肠低张造影  

Hypotonic Colon Contrast

图象后处理

image post-processing

图象重建

image reconstruction

图像均匀性

image uniformity

图像线分辨力

image-line resolution

影像

imaging

成像数据

imaging data

信号强度增高

increased signal intensity

炎性假瘤

inflammatory pseudotumor

信息放射学

informatics in radiology,infoRAD

腹股沟

inguen

内耳增强  

Inner Ear Enhanced Scan

内听道平扫  

Inner Ear Routine Scan

内耳平扫  

Inner Ear Routine Scan

健侧

intact side

髁间隆起

intercondyloid eminence

叶间积液

interlobar effusion

骨间板

intermediate lamella

内、外环骨板

internal and external circumfereutial lamella

子宫内口

internal ostium of the uterus

间质性肺炎

interstitial pneumonia

间质性肺水肿

interstitial pulmonary oedema

介入放射学

interventional radiology

介入放射学

Interventional radiology

介入性超声

interventional ultrasound

椎间盘

intervertebral disc

椎间孔

intervertebral foramen

椎间隙

intervertenral space

膀胱探头

intervesical probe

囊内外韧带

intra/extra-capsular ligaments

肺泡性肺水肿

intra-alveolar pulmonary oedema

动脉DSA

intraarterial DSA (IADSA)

心内超声显像

intracardiac ultrasonic imaging

腔内探头

intracavitary probe

冠状动脉腔内超声 

Intracoronary ultrasound

管腔内超声显像

intraluminal ultrasonic imaging

术中探头

intraoperative porbe

术中超声监视

intraoperative ultrasonic monitoring

胸内甲状腺

intrathoracic goiter

宫内节育器

intrauterine device

血管内超声显像

intravascular ultrasonic imaging

血管内超声

intravascular ultrasound

静脉团注法

intravenous bolus injection technique

静脉DSA

intravenous DSA (IVDSA)

静脉快速滴注法

intravenous rapid infusion

反转恢复技术

inversion recovery,IR

倒置

invert

反转

invert

胆影葡胺

iodipamide/biligrafin/cholografin

碘苯六醇(欧乃派克)

iohexol

碘普罗胺

iopromide

同侧

ipsilateral

不规则形

irregular

等密度

isodense

等信号

isointensity

伊索显

isovist

聚乙烯醇

Ivalon

静脉肾盂造影  

IVP

关节

joint

关节囊

joint capsule

关节软骨

joint cartilage

关节腔

joint cavity

关节间隙

joint space

陶工尘肺

kaolin pneumoconiosis

卡波济肉瘤

Kaposi sarcoma

kedney

肾脏动态增强  

Kidney Dynamic Enhanced Scan

肾脏普通增强  

Kidney Routine Enhanced Scan

肾脏平扫 

Kidney Routine Scan

肾静脉取血  

Kidney Vein Blood Sampling

膝关节

knee joint

膝关节造影  

Knee Joint Contrast

膝关节平扫  

Knee Joint Routine Scan

尿路仰卧前后位,

KUB,plain film of kidney,ureters,bladder

前弓位

kyphotic

前弓位

kyphotic;

肺撕裂伤与肺血肿

laceration and hematoma of lung

气管及支气管裂伤

laceration of trachea and bronchus

层板骨

lamellar bone

层流

laminar flow

喉增强  

Larynx Enhanced Scan

喉平扫  

Larynx Routine Scan

激光打印机

laser printer

激光血管成形术

laster angioplasty

侧位

lateral

侧卧位

lateral decubitus

侧卧位

lateral decubitus,

侧位

lateral;

侧锥筋膜

lateroconal fascia

15°侧位,劳氏位

Law

15°侧位,劳氏位

Law

左侧踝关节正侧位  

Left Ankle Joint AP & LAT

左心房增大

left atrial enlargement

左心房层面

left atrial level

左侧肘关节正侧位 

Left Elbow Joint AP & LAT

左侧股骨正侧位  

Left Femur AP & LAT

左侧足部正侧位  

Left Foot AP & LAT

左侧尺桡骨正侧位  

Left Forearm AP & LAT

左手正斜位  

Left Hand AP & Oblique

左侧肱骨正侧位 

Left Humerus AP & LAT

左侧膝关节正侧位  

Left Knee Joint AP & LAT

肝左叶

left liver lobe(LL)

左侧乳突 

Left Mastoid Process

左侧肩关节 

Left Shoulder Joint

左侧胫腓骨正侧位  

Left Tibia Fibula AP & LAT

左心室增大

left ventricular enlargement

左心室流出道体位

left ventricular outflow tract view

左侧腕关节正侧位  

Left Wrist Joint AP & LAT

左前斜位

left-anterior oblique view

椎骨长度(胸6~腰3)

length of vertebrae

韧带

ligament

线阵

linear array

脂肪瘤

lipoma

大叶性肺炎

lobar pneumonia

分叶状

lobulated

分叶的

lobulated

局限性胸腔积液

localized pleural effusion

局限

localized,regional

吕弗留综合征

Loffler syndroma

对数压缩

logarithmic compression

长轴位

long-axis

纵向弛豫时间

longitudinal relaxation time,T1

假骨折线

looser zone

体积缩小

loss of volume

下肢动脉造影  

Lower Artery Angiography

下肢  

Lower Extremities

下肢血管造影  

Lower Extremities CT Angiography

下肢MRA  

Lower Extremities MRA

下肢软组织增强  

Lower Extremities Soft Tissue Enhanced

下肢软组织平扫 

Lower Extremities Soft Tissue Scan

下肢软组织动态增强  

Lower Soft Tissue Dynamic Enhanced

下肢软组织普通增强  

Lower Soft Tissue Routine Enhanced

下肢软组织平扫  

Lower Soft Tissue Scan

下肢静脉造影  

Lower Vein Angiography

腰椎六位像 

L-spine 6 position

腰椎正侧双斜  

L-spine AP & LAT & Dual OBL

腰椎双斜  

L-spine Dual OBL

腰椎增强  

L-spine Enhanced Scan

腰椎过伸过屈位  

L-spine Lordotic Kyphotic Position

腰椎正侧位  

L-Spine PA & LAT

腰椎平扫  

L-spine Routine Scan

腰椎平扫  

L-spine Scan

腰骶椎正侧位  

L-S-spine AP & LAT

透亮

lucency(lucent),transparent

肺脓肿

lung abscess

肺栓塞扫描  

Lung Embolism Scan

淋巴管瘤

lymphangioma

淋巴瘤

lymphoma

磁共振血管成像

magnetic resonance angiography (MRA)

磁共振血管造影

magnetic resonance angiography,MRA

磁共振成像

magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)

磁共振尿路造影

magnetic resonance urography,MRU

放大

magnification , magnify , zoom

男性盆腔动态增强  

MalePelvisDynamicEnhanced

男性盆腔普通增强  

MalePelvisRoutineEnhanced

男性盆腔平扫  

MalePelvisScan

钼靶X线摄影

mammogram,molybdenum target radiography

钼靶X线摄影

mammogram,molybdenum target radiography;

下颌骨正侧位  

Mandible PA_LAT

肿块

mass

团块状

mass,masslike

乳突增强  

Mastoid Enhanced Scan

乳突平扫  

Mastoid Routine Scan

矩阵

matrix

最大强度投影

maximum intensity projection,MIP

(仰卧45°)梅氏位

Mayer

纵隔气肿

mediastinal emphysema

纵隔血肿

mediastinal hematorma

纵隔肿瘤

mediastinal tumor

纵隔炎

mediastinitis

医学影像学

medical imageology

等回声

medium echo,iso-echo

骨髓腔

medullary space

髓母细胞瘤

medulloblastoma

磁化传递快速成像

megnrtization transfer with fast adiabatic trajetctory

黑色素瘤

meningioma

菜单选择

menu selection

间皮囊肿

mesothelial cyst

胸膜间皮瘤

mesothelioma of pleura

掌骨

metacarpal bones

金属内支架

metalic stent

干骺端

metaphysis

胸膜转移瘤

metastatic tumor of pleura

跖骨

metatarsal bones

正铁血红蛋白

methemoglobin

云母尘肺

mica pneumoconiosis

中腹部动态增强 

Mid-Abdomen Dynamic Enhanced

中腹部普通增强  

Mid-Abdomen Routine Enhanced

中腹部增强 

Mid-Abdomen Routine Scan

中腹部平扫  

Mid-Abdomen Routine Scan

中腹部平扫 

Mid-Abdomen Scan

粟粒状

miliary

彩色多普勒最低流速分辨力

minimum flow-velocity of color doppler

混杂密度

mixed density

运动伪影

motion artifact

运动辨别力

motion discrimination

斑点状

mottling,stippled

MR血管造影

MR angiography,MRA

磁共振胰胆管成像

MRCP

胰胆管造影  

MRCP

尿路造影  

MRU

多幅相机

multiformat camera

多分叶

multilobulated

多平面重建

multiplanar reformation,MPR

多发性肝硬化

multiple sclerosis

多用途探头

multipurpose scanner

多段聚焦

multistage focusing

心肌标记

myocardial tagging

心肌活检  

Myocardiam Centesis and Sampling

鼻骨侧位   

Nasal Bones LAT

鼻咽增强  

Nasopharynx Enhanced Scan

鼻咽部增强  

Nasopharynx Enhanced Scan

鼻咽平扫  

Nasopharynx Routine Scan

鼻咽部平扫  

Nasopharynx Routine Scan

颈部血管造影 

Neck CT Angiography

颈部动态增强  

Neck Dynamic Enhanced Scan

颈部增强  

Neck Enhanced Scan

颈部普通增强  

Neck Enhanced Scan

胰颈

neck of pancreas

颈部平扫  

Neck Routine Scan

针刺活检

needle puncture biopsy

神经纤维瘤

neurofibroma

神经源性肿瘤

neurogenic neoplasms

龛影

niche

结节状

nodular

结节状增强

nodular enhancement

噪声

noise

非霍奇金淋巴瘤

non Hodgkin lymphoma, NHL

无移位

nondisplaced

不均匀增强

nonhomegeneous enhancement

不均匀密度

nonhomogeneous density

非血管性介入放射学

nonvascular interventional radiology

髓核

nucleus pulposus

斜位

oblique

阻塞性肺不张

obstructive atelectasis

阻塞性肺气肿

obstructive emphysema

枕额径

occipito-frontal diameter

眼眶后前37°位、柯氏位、鼻颌位、枕额位

occipitofrontal,Caldwell

眼眶后前37°位、柯氏位、鼻颌位、枕额位

occipitofrontal,Caldwell;

鼻窦后前23°位、华氏位、顶颏位

occipitomental,Waters

鼻窦后前23°位、华氏位、顶颏位

occipitomental,Waters;

双眼间距

ocular distance

鹰嘴位

olecranon

鹰嘴位

olecranon;

第1、2颈椎前后位,张口位

open-mouth,OMV

第1、2颈椎前后位,张口位

open-mouth,OMV;

口服胆囊造影

oral cholecystography

眼眶

orbit

眼眶 orbit

orbit

听眶线

orbitomeatal line

眼眶部增强  

Orbits Enhanced Scan

眼部增强  

Orbits Enhanced Scan

眼眶部平扫 

Orbits Routine Scan

眼部平扫  

Orbits Routine Scan

异物定位  

Orientation

子宫口

orifice of the uterus

骨化

ossifcation

骨化中心

ossification centre

成骨细胞

osteoblast

破骨细胞

osteoclast

骨细胞

osteocyte

骨质软化

osteomalacia

骨质坏死

osteonecrosis

骨质疏松

osteoporosis

轮廓(外形)

outline,contour

卵圆形

oval

卵巢

ovary, ovaries

重叠扫描

overlap scan

欧文氏位

Owen

后前位

PA,posteroanterior

胰腺

pancreas

胰管

pancreatic duct , Wirsung’s duct

腮腺造影  

Parotid Contrast

腮腺增强  

Parotid Enhanced Scan

腮腺平扫  

Parotid Routine Scan

部分容积效应

partial volume effect

片状增强

patchy enhancement

动脉导管封堵术  

Patent doctus arteriosus closer

骨盆正位  

Pelvis AP

盆腔增强  

Pelvis Enhanced Scan

盆腔血管造影  

Pelvis MR Angiography

骨盆(成人)  

Pelvis PA (Adult)

骨盆(儿童)  

Pelvis PA (Pediatrics)

盆腔平扫  

Pelvis Routine Scan

穿透深度

penetration depth

经皮血管腔内成形术

percutaneoius transluminal angioplasty(PTA)

经皮球囊扩张 

Percutaneous balloon dilatating

经皮球囊二尖瓣成形术

percutaneous balloon mitral valvuloplasty

经皮球囊肺动脉瓣成形术

percutaneous balloon pulmonary valvuloplasty

经皮肾盂造瘘术

percutaneous pyelostomy

经皮经肝胆道引流术

percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage (PTCD)

经皮经肝胆道造影

percutaneous transhepatic cholangiography (PTC)

心包缺损

pericardial defect

心包渗出

pericardial effusions

心包新生物

pericardial neoplasm

心包增厚和钙化

pericardial thickening and calaification

心包

pericardium

肾周脂肪

perinephrit fat

骨膜增生

periosteal proliferation

骨膜反应

periosteal reaction

骨膜和骨内膜

periosteum and intermal periosteum

周围间隙现象

peripheral space phenomenon

周围的

periphery

肾周间隙

perirenal space

指骨

phalanges of fingers

趾骨

phalanges of toes

相位对比法

phase contrast (PC)

相位对比法

phase contrast,PC

环阵相控探头

phased annular array probe

图象存储和传输系统

picture achieve and communication system,PACS

螺距

pitch

像素

pixel

象素

pixel

胎盘

placenta

腹平片

plain abdominal radiograph,abdominal plain film

CT平扫

plain ct scan

平扫

plain scan

胸腔积液

pleural effusion

胸膜肥厚粘连和钙化

pleural thickening, adhesion and calcification

胸膜增厚、粘连及钙化

pleural thickening,adhesion and calaification

胸膜肿瘤

pleural tumor

胸腹裂孔疝

pleuro-peritoneal hiatus hernia

尘肺

pneumocomosis

纵隔气肿

pneumomediastinum

气胸

pneumothorax

气胸

pneumothorax

弱回声

poor echo

肝门

porta hepatis

床旁

portable

床旁

portable;

下腔静脉MRA  

Portal Vein MRA

后处理

post process

增强后

post-enhancement post-contrast

大脑后动脉

posterior cerebral artery,PCA

肾旁后间隙

posterior pararenal space

前处理

pre process

主要

predominantly

增强前

pre-enhancement pre-contrast

预设置

preset

日常维护程序

preventive maintenace

主要

primarily

原发综合征

primary complex

原发性肺结核(I型)

primary tuberculosis

探头

probe

增殖性病变

proliferative lesion

后前斜位

pronation oblique

前列腺

prostate

放射防护

protection from radiation

质子密度

proton density,P

质子弛豫增强效应

proton relaxation enhancement effect

质子密度加权像

proton weighted image,PW1

椎间盘突出

protrusion of intervertebral disk

近侧

proximalside

耻骨坐骨正位  

Pubis Ischium AP

肺泡微石症

pulmonary alveolar microlithiasis

肺泡蛋白沉积症

pulmonary alveolar proteinosis

肺动脉高压

pulmonary arterial hypertension

肺充血

pulmonary arterial pleonaemia

肺动静脉瘘

pulmonary arterio-venous fistula

肺动静脉畸形

pulmonary arterio-venous malformation,PAVM

肺动脉介入治疗  

Pulmonary artery interventional therapy

主肺动脉层面

pulmonary artery level

肺结缔组织疾病

pulmonary connective tissue diseases

肺水肿

pulmonary edema

肺梗塞

pulmonary emboli

肺门增大

pulmonary hilar enlargement

肺高压

pulmonary hypertension

肺梗死

pulmonary infarcts

肺少血

pulmonary oligaemia

肺隔离症

pulmonary sequestration

肺结核

pulmonary tuberculosis

肺静脉高压

pulmonary venous hypertension

肺淤血

pulmonary venous pleonaemia

化脓性胸膜炎

pyothorax

锥体

pyramids

方叶

quadrate lobe(QL)

定量CT法

quantitative computed tomography, QCT

定量CT

quantitativecomputedtomography,QCT

桡动脉

radial artery

放射性肺炎

radiation pneumonitis

射频脉冲

radio frequency (RF)

放射摄影

radiology

实时成像

real time imaging

实时成像

real-time imaging

记录

record

直肠镜超声(技术)

rectosonography

子宫直肠陷凹

rectouterine fossa

兴趣区

regionof interest

抑制

rejection, reject , suppression

肾动脉介入治疗 

Renal artery interventional therapy

肾盂

renal calyes

肾柱

renal colums

回放

rendering , play back

重复时间

repetition time, TR

脉冲重复间隔时间(TR)

repetitiontime

重调、复原

reset

分辨率

resolution

再狭窄

restenosis

网状

reticular

视网膜母细胞瘤

retinoblastoma

视神经孔后前位,瑞氏位

Rhese

视神经孔后前位,瑞氏位

Rhese;

肺类风湿性病

rheumatoid disease of the lung

附垂叶

Riedel’s lobe

右心、左心造影  

Right and Left Ventricular Angiography

右侧踝关节正侧位

Right Ankle Joint AP & LAT

右前斜位

right anterior oblique view

右心房增大

right atrial enlargement

右侧肘关节正侧位  

Right Elbow Joint AP & LAT

右侧股骨正侧位  

Right Femur AP & LAT

右侧足部正侧位  

Right Foot AP & LAT

右侧尺桡骨正侧位 

Right Forearm AP & LAT

右手正斜位 

Right Hand AP & Oblique

右侧肱骨正侧位 

Right Humerus AP & LAT

右侧膝关节正侧位 

Right Knee Joint AP & LAT

肝右叶

right liver lobe(RL)

右侧乳突 

Right Mastoid Process

右侧肩关节 

Right Shoulder Joint

右侧胫腓骨正侧位  

Right Tibia Fibula AP & LAT

右心室增大

right ventricular enlargement

右心室流出道体位

right ventricular outflow tract view

右侧腕关节正侧位  

Right Wrist Joint AP & LAT

边缘增强

rim enhancement

拇指前后位

Robert

35°侧位,伦氏位

Runstrom

35°侧位,伦氏位

Runstrom;

骶尾椎正侧位  

Saccrum/Coccyx AP & LAT

骶尾正侧位  

Saccrum/Coccyx AP & LAT

囊状支扩

saccular bronchiectasis

骶髂关节正位 

Sacrum Ilium Joint AP

骶髂关节平扫  

Sacrum Ilium Joint Scan

骶髂关节切线位  

Sacrum Ilium Joint Tangential Position

矢状位

sagittal view

副胰管

Santorini duct

结节病

sarcoidosis

扫描方式

scan mode

舟骨位

scaphoid

舟骨位

scaphoid

25°侧位,许氏位

Schuller

25°侧位,许氏位

Schuller;

乳突 25°侧位

Schuller’s

许氏位

Schuller’s

定位扫描

scout view

阴囊

scrotum, scrotal sac

继发性肺结核(III型)

secondary pulmonary tuberculosis

扇扫

sector scanning

分段聚焦

segment focusing

经股动脉穿刺术

Seldinger technique

垂体增强   

Sella Enhanced Scan

蝶鞍增强  

Sella Enhanced Scan

垂体平扫   

Sella Routine Scan

蝶鞍平扫  

Sella Routine Scan

精原细胞瘤

seminoma

灵敏度时间控制

sensitivity time control

传感器

sensor

连续聚焦

sequential focusing

死骨

sequestrum

重度

severe;grossly

清晰,锐利

sharp,well-defined,well-circumscribed,clear,distinct

变换

shift

短轴位

short-axis

肩关节

shoulder joint

肩关节正位  

Shoulder Joint AP

肩关节造影  

Shoulder Joint Contrast

肩关节平扫  

Shoulder Joint Scan

缩小

shrink

骶髂关节平扫 

SI Joint Scan

矽肺

silicosis

鼻窦轴位增强  

Sinus Axial Enhanced Scan

鼻窦轴位平扫  

Sinus Axial Routine Scan

鼻窦冠位增强  

Sinus Coronal Enhanced Scan

鼻窦冠位平扫  

Sinus Coronal Scan

鼻窦   

Sinus PA

头颅正位  

Skull AP

头颅正侧  

Skull AP & LAT

头颅正侧位  

Skull PA & LAT

头颅正侧位  

Skull PA_LAT

间距

slice increment

层厚

slicethickness

滑动聚焦

sliging focusing

小肠低张造影 

Small Bowel Enema

软组织肿胀

soft tissue mass

软组织肿胀

soft tissue swelling

软组织窗

soft-tissue window

单发

solitary

孤立

solitary

省像图

sonogram (echogram)

声像图

sonogram echogram

空间分辨力

spatial resolution

空间分辨力

spatial resolution

空间分辨率

spatial resolution

彩色多普勒空间分辨力

spatial resolution of color doppler

空间分辨率

spatialresolution

精索

spermatic cord

毛刺状、针状

spiculated

椎管造影  

Spinal Contrast

椎管狭窄

spinalsrenosis

脊柱

spine, vertebral colum

自旋回波序列

spin-echo sequence (SE)

自旋-晶格(即纵向)

spin-lattice relaxation time

自旋-自旋(即横向)

spin-Spin(transverse) relaxation time

螺旋CT

spiral CT

螺旋CT

spiral CT

螺旋状瓣

spiral valve

螺旋CT

spiralCT/helicalCT

spleen

脾门

splenic hilum

弹簧圈

spring coil

常规位置

standard views

葡萄球菌肺炎

staphylococal pneumonia

星状

stellate

非冠状动脉血管内支架置入治疗  

Stenting therapy of non-coronary artery

后前(45°)斜位,斯氏位

Stenver’s

乳突后前(45°)斜位

Stenvers’

胸锁骨关节像  

Sternum Calvicle Joint PA

胸骨增强  

Sternum Enhanced Scan

胸骨侧位  

Sternum LAT

胸骨平扫  

Sternum Routine Scan

条索

stripe

强回声

strong echo

亚急性或慢性血行播散型肺结核

subacute or chronic hematogenous pulmonary tuberculosis

锁骨下动脉

subclavian artery

硬膜下血肿

subduralhematoma

肺下积液

subpulmonary effusion

颈浅动脉

superficial cervical artery

颞浅动脉

superficial temporal artery

前后斜位

supination oblique,ball-catcher’s

(仰卧)前后位

supine abdominal radiograph

(仰卧)前后位

supine abdominal radiograph;

补充位置

supplementary views

补充位置

supplementary views;

关节肿胀

swelling of joint

对称

symmetric

系统性红斑狼疮

systemic lupus erythomatosis, SLE

胸腰段增强  

T&L Spine Enhanced Scan

胸腰段平扫  

T&L Spine Scan

T1成像

T1 weighted (T1WI) image

1加权像

T1 weighted image, T1W1 T

T2成像

T2 weighted (T2WI) image

加权像

T2 weighted image, T2W1 T2

标记

tagging

胰尾

tail of pancreas

滑石尘肺

talc pneumoconiosis

切线位

tangential

跗骨

tarsal bones

胸主动脉造影 

T-Artery MR Angiography

远程放射学

teleradiology

颞骨

temporal bone

颞骨

temporal bone

瞬时分辨力

temporal resolution

时间分辨率

temporalresolution

畸胎瘤

teratoma

睾丸

testis

薄层扫描

thinslicescan

胸围

thoracic circumference

三维显示

three dimensional display

三维表面重建

three-dimensional surface reconstrction

三维CT

threedimensioncomputedtomography,3DCT

阈值

threshold

血栓溶解

thrombolysis

拇指

thumb

胸腺瘤

thymoma

胸腺增强  

Thymus Enhanced Scan

胸腺平扫  

Thymus Routine Scan

胫骨粗隆

tibia tuberosity

时间增益补偿

time gain compensation

时间流逝法

Time of flight (TOF)

彩色多普勒时间分辨力

time resolution of color doppler

时间飞跃法

time-of-flight, TOF

组织特性成像

tissue specific imaging

胸腰段正侧位 

T-L-spine AP & LAT

TMJ造影  

TMJ contrast

体层摄影

tomography

体层摄影

tomography

骨小梁

trabecula

轨道征

tramline sign

体肢动脉系统介入治疗  

Transartery interventional therapy

栓塞术

transcatheter embolization(TAE)

经颅多普勒

transcranial doppler

换能器

transducer

经食管超声心动图探头

transesophagel echocardiography probe  

食管探头

transesophagel probe

经颈静脉肝内门-体静脉分流术

transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (Tipss)

经皮清除血管内异物 

Transluminal eyewinker clearing

经皮放置静脉滤器 

Transluminal filter implantaion

直肠探头

transrectal probe

经直肠超声扫描

transrectal ultrasonography

尿道探头

transurethral probe

经尿道扫查

transurethral scanning

经阴道彩色多普勒显像

transvaginal color doppler imaging

阴道探头

transvaginal probe

横向弛豫时间

transverse relaxation time, T2

腹部横径

transverse trunk diameter

横轴位

transverse view

外伤性隔疝

traumatic diaphragmatic hernia

触发器

trigger

胸椎正侧  

T-spine AP & LAT

胸椎增强  

T-spine Enhanced Scan

胸椎正侧位  

T-Spine PA & LAT

胸椎平扫  

T-spine Routine Scan

胸椎平扫 

T-spine Scan

T管造影 

T-tube Cholangiography

肺结核

tuberculosis

胸内淋巴结结核

tuberculosis of intrathoracic lymph nodes

结核性胸膜炎

tuberculosis pleuritis

瘤腔造影  

Tumor Cavity Contrast

白膜

tunica albuginea , albuginea

鞘膜

tunica vagialis, vagina tunic

湍流

turbulent flow

尺动脉

ulnar artery

超高速CT(电子束CT)

ultrafast ct (electric beam CT)

超高速CT

ultrafastCT,UFCT

超声血管成形术

ultrasonic angioplasty

超声成像

ultrasonic imaging

超声成像

ultrasonography

超声

ultrasound

超声导管

ultrasound catheter

超声内镜

ultrasound endoscope

超声引导经皮肝穿刺胆管造影

ultrasound guided percutaneous transhepatic cholangiography

穿刺探头

ultrasound guided probe

优维显

ultravist

脐动脉

umbilical artery

脐带

umbilical cord

脐静脉

umbilical vein

钩突

uncinate process

单侧

unilateral

上腹部动态增强  

Upper Abdomen Dynamic Enhanced

上腹部普通增强 

Upper Abdomen Routine Enhanced

上腹部平扫  

Upper Abdomen Scan

上肢动脉造影  

Upper Artery Angiography

上肢  

Upper Extremities

上肢血管造影  

Upper Extremities CT Angiography

上肢MRA  

Upper Extremities MRA

上肢软组织增强  

Upper Extremities Soft Tissue Enhanced

上肢软组织平扫  

Upper Extremities Soft Tissue Scan

上消化道造影 

Upper Gastrointestinal Contrast

上肢软组织动态增强  

Upper Soft Tissue Dynamic Enhanced

上肢软组织普通增强  

Upper Soft Tissue Routine Enhanced

上肢软组织平扫  

Upper Soft Tissue Scan

上肢静脉造影  

Upper Vein Angiography

上腹部增强  

Upper-Abdomen Routine Enhanced Scan

上腹部平扫  

Upper-Abdomen Routine Scan

立位

upright abdominal radiograph

立位

upright abdominal radiograph;

输尿管

ureters, ureteral , uretero

尿道

urethra

膀胱

urinary bladder , bladder

泛影葡胺

urografin

超声引导胎儿组织活检

US guided fetal tissue biopsy

超声引导经皮穿刺注射乙醇

US guided percutaneous alcohol injection

超声引导经皮抽吸

US guided percutaneous aspiration

超声引导经皮胆囊胆汁引流

US guided percutaneous gallbladder bile drainage

超声引导经皮肝穿刺门静脉造影

US guided percutaneous transhepatic portography

子宫腔

uterine canal

输卵管

uterine tube, oviduct

子宫

uterus

子宫造影  

Uterus Contrast

阴道

vagina

阴道镜超声技术

vaginosonography

静脉曲张型支扩

varicose bronchiectasis

血管性介入放射学

Vascular interventional radiology

乏特壶腹

Vater’s ampulla

静脉介入治疗  

Veinous interventional therapy

腔静脉取血  

Vena cava sampling

肝静脉韧带

venose ligament

静脉期

venous phase

心室层面

ventricle level

室间隔缺损封堵术  

Ventricular septal defect closer

椎动脉

vertebralartery,VA

绒毛

villus

仿真内镜

virtualendoscopy,VE

福尔克曼管

Volkmann canal

容积采集

volumeacquisition

容积扫描

volumescan

体素

voxel

三维像素

voxel

像素矩阵

voxel matrix

华氏位  

Waltz Position

水成像

water image

水样密度

watery density

韦格氏肉芽肿

Wegner granuloma

宽频带探头

wide-band probe

窗位

windowlevel

窗宽

windowwidth

工作站

workstation

非层板骨

woven bone

腕关节

wrist

腕关节平扫  

Wrist Joint Routine Scan

腕关节平扫  

Wrist Joint Scan

写入

write

干板照相

Xeroradiography

X线诊断

x-ray diagnosis

X线球管

X-ray tube

卵黄囊

yolk sac

零位调整

zero adjustment

区域聚焦

zone focusing

颧弓切线位 

Zygomatic

化学位移成像

chemical-shift imaging

数字转化器

digital converter

大叶性分布

in a lobar distribution

节段性分布

in a segmental distribution

乳突 15°侧位

Law’s

劳氏位

Law’s

乳突侧斜位

Law’s

纵向驰豫时间

longitudinal relaxation time

T1

T1, longitudinal relaxation time

岩部轴位

Mayer ‘s

尿路平片

plain film of kidney,ureters,bladder

自旋-晶格驰豫时间,简称T1

spin-lattice relaxation time

T1

T1, spin-lattice relaxation time

自旋-自旋驰豫时间,简称T2

spin-Spin relaxation time

T2

T2, spin-Spin relaxation time

岩部斜位

Stenver’s

岩部额枕位

Towne’s

横向驰豫时间

transverse relaxation time

T2

T2, transverse relaxation time

精囊

vesiculae seminals, seminal vesicle

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